Notes 2

Writing for an Audience:

 Knowing who you are writing for is one of the most important things to think about during the writing process. Who your audience is effects the way your work is perceived and how it should be written. Think about the knowledge your reader has on the topic of your writing. If it is a set of instructions be sure to be clear. If it is an opinion piece be sure to establish the perspective. If it is responding to question make sure to answer the question. Flower tells us we should always be thinking about our readers.

 Translating your message across to your readers can be a bit of a struggle if you don’t know who you’re writing for. that’s why It’s important to remember who your audience is. A good writer knows how to connect with their audience and how to be effective. its not just about pouring out your knowledge but be able to use it to help others understand the topic that your writing about and that they’re reading about. To do that you have to know your audience, What do they need? What do they know? How do they feel about the topic? It is important to really understand the topic before you start writing for an audience because if you don’t then your audience wont really understand either.

Unteaching the Five-Paragraph Formula:

 This article is about the way we are thought to write in school. We start out learning with the five paragraph formula but never truly are we thought to ditch it unless we are in an advanced placement class and even then, students are expected to know how to write a decent paper. Foley mentions that the Five Paragraph Formula may be easier for teachers when they have over 100 students but school is meant to teach kids, to prepare them for college and beyond. The issue of this article is when is it time to leave behind the Five Paragraph Formula?

 The five paragraph formula is introduced to students for the sake of structure but doesn’t require the need to thoroughly read and understand the material. As long as you can gather three ideas, one for each paragraph your good to go. The five paragraph essay formula doesn’t allow for students to develop their own style of writing that they are going to need in college. And after writing in the five paragraph structure for years and years and then on the spot having to write in a completely different way, students develop a negative reaction to writing which makes it harder for them to write. While the five paragraph essay may be a good why to introduce kids into writing its not the way to continue teaching in. It renders a true understanding of the subject not needed because as soon as students can write the three body paragraphs they’re done. And that’s not considered acceptable writing in college.

Who am I?: Finding identity & voice in composition:

 Faryna mentions that most highschool students and even some college students lose their voice when it comes to writing. When you write for yourself, you feel free as a bird but once you attach a grade and slap on the need to impress and get that A, students lose who they are. Their writing becomes robotic because they are too focused on what the teaceher wants that they feel that there is no freedom. Do what exactly what the teacher wants and you get a good grade. Non are willing to experiment for the fear that they will get a failing grade. Faryna explains to us the need to have a voi

 The voice that’s used in one’s work is important. Finding your voice can be a very difficult thing to do, I know for one I am having an amazingly hard time with this whole blog thing. I always write like I’m being graded and with that I don’t really use a voice in my writing because I’ve never taken the time to find another way of writing other then academically. Voice is what gives your writing that extra omph, that gives it that “I should finish reading this” vibe instead of the “okay I’m done with this” vibe. I have never written for me, never kept a diary or anything like that. This blog has to have my voice, it is MY blog. It is suppose to be filled with my opinions and what I’ve learned from reading these articles. And from Reading this article I realize that these are my notes and while they may be published for others to read if I try to write for an audience before I write for myself or find out who I am in my writing that I will probably sound like a presumptuous snob, which is what I don’t what to be perceived as. That is what this class is for, to experiment with your writing and make it yours right?

Aristotle’s Rhetorical Situation & Example Two:

 This article explains to us the different rhetorical concepts thought of by Aristotle. The terms used to identify those concepts are Logos, Ethos, Pathos, Telos, Kairos.  Logos, Ethos, Pathos, Telos, and Kairos are the five rhetorical concepts. Logos is logic. It is the structure and content of the text. Ethos is credibility. How well does the author portray themselves? Does he or she really know what they are writing about? Pathos is emotion. How does the text reach the audience? Telos is purpose. What is the purpose of the text? What is the readers purpose for reading the text? Kairos is setting. What are the elements? Did the text draw support at the time it was written? Being able to use and connect these concepts together will bring your writing to a deeper level and being able to identify them in other’s work give you a better understanding of the text.

The rhetorical strategies that were first thought of by Aristotle are the keys to great writing. They allow for an easier way to approach writing in a deeper way, to provide a deeper meaning to our writing. I first learned of the five rhetorical strategies in junior year of high school. So for me this webpage is just a review. It is a lot easier to put Ethos and Logos into my writing than Pathos. Basically all you need for Ethos and Logos are incite citations, facts, studies etc. Anything true. It’s a lot harder to put in Pathos, but in some ways we can achieve Pathos by our voice.



Flower, Linda. “Writing for an Audience.” Language Awareness: Readings for College Writers. Ed. by Paul Eschholz, Alfred Rosa, and Virginia Clark. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2000: 139-141

Foley, M.F. (1989). Unteaching the Five Paragraph Essay.

Faryna, B.F. Who Am I?: Finding Identity & Voice in Composition.

Brizee, A.B., Driscoll, D.D., Sproat, E.S. (2012). Aristotle’s Rhetorical Sitution, Example 2, Owl Purdue Online Writing Lab.,


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